Jakarta, 31 August 2023 – Around 70 climate and energy thought leaders, policymakers, and experts from Indonesia, Philippines, Timor Leste, Malaysia, Cambodia, and Laos gathered in Jakarta on 29-31 August 2023 for critical dialogues and collaborative endeavours aimed at driving a sustainable and equitable energy transition across Southeast Asia.
With Indonesia taking on the role of hosting the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) summit, the year 2023 could be a turning point in terms of the energy transition efforts within the ASEAN region.
The ASEAN has already committed to addressing climate change through the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and increase of renewable energy use. However, the pursuit of a just energy transition in the region continues to be riddled with challenges. According to the ASEAN Centre for Energy, at least 47 million of the ASEAN population still have no access to electricity.
“Commitments so far have focused more on the technocratic aspects of reducing the use of fossil fuel energy and accelerating the development of renewable energy. The question arises: Where is the equity? Where is justice in the energy transition declaration from the ASEAN ministries?” said Publish What You Pay (PWYP) Indonesia National Coordinator Aryanto Nugroho.
In the Regional Convening of CSOs on Just Energy Transition, civil society organizations across Southeast Asia called on ASEAN leaders to establish structured platforms for meaningful engagement on sustainable and equitable energy with multi-stakeholders.
The groups also highlighted the importance of establishing robust mechanisms for transparency, accountability, and governance that encompass both public and private sectors.
The Oxfam in Asia Regional Director John Samuel explains, “When we talk about decarbonizing energy transition, it involves technology and it involves money. On top of securing access to these resources is the need to ensure that these fairly reach the poorest and marginalized sectors of the society.”
They also urged leaders to promote the development and adoption of appropriate and sustainable technologies and integrate gender-responsive and socially inclusive policies into every facet of energy transition planning and implementation.
The groups also pushed for implementing robust capacity-building programs and assurance that “justice is at the heart of transition.”
Southeast Asia is at the forefront of climate risk (Global Climate Risk Index, 2021). With increasing average temperature by 2.3 degrees Celsius, the McKinsley Global Institute estimates that 600 million people in Asia could be affected by heat waves in a year. Extreme rainfall in Asian regions could increase by three or four times.
The 2022 Oxfam report states that these frequent and intense climate disasters disproportionally affect marginalized communities and social groups
However, an energy transition alone does not ensure that vulnerable groups benefit from the transition.
ASEAN possesses a significant abundance of renewable energy sources, including solar, wind, and hydro, although their distribution across the region is not uniform. As per the Sustainable Development Scenario outlined by the International Energy Agency (IEA), Southeast Asia necessitates an annual investment of approximately $180 billion in clean energy by 2030 to ensure alignment with the region’s climate objectives. The availability of affordable financing for a just energy transition, however, remains a distant reality in the ASEAN context.
“With the broader aim of a fossil-free future that ensures no one is left behind, the convening compelled us to reevaluate our direction. There are so many opportunities for action, but how can we recalibrate our efforts to align with this overarching goal, maximize our impact in the spheres of influence, and minimize inefficiencies along the way?” Climate Action Network Southeast Asia (CANSEA) Policy and Administrative Officer Pree Bharadwaj said.
Numerous ASEAN nations house indigenous groups and vulnerable communities whose well-being and traditional ways of life face jeopardy from coal mining and electricity generation. In this context, a just energy transition mandates the shielding of these communities and their traditional lands.
The SEA regional convening on just energy transition aims to address these complex issues head-on by fostering robust multistakeholder collaboration and bringing country-level JET narratives into a cohesive regional perspective. #
CSO participants were able to build consensus around six (6) key imperatives on JET:
- Establishing structured platforms for meaningful multistakeholder engagement
- Establishing robust mechanisms for transparency, accountability, and governance that encompass both public and private sectors
- Promoting the development and adoption of appropriate and sustainable technologies
- Integrating gender-responsive and socially inclusive policies into every facet of energy transition planning and implementation
- Implementing robust capacity-building programs to navigate the complexities of energy transition.
- Ensuring justice at the heart of transition
The statement is a result of the consolidated efforts of the following civil society organizations:
- Oxfam Pilipinas
- Oxfam in Indonesia
- Oxfam in Asia
- Publish What You Pay (PWYP) Indonesia
- Yayasan Cerah Indonesia
- WWF Indonesia
- HiVos Indonesia
- Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR)
- The Prakarsa Indonesia
- Senik Centre Asia
- Penabulu Indonesia
- AEER Indonesia
- Oxfam in Laos
- Oxfam International
- Oxfam in Cambodia
- Climate Action Network Southeast Asia (CANSEA)
- Energy Lab Cambodia
- Legal Rights and Natural Resources Center (LRC) Philippines
- Community Association for Salvation and Environment (CASE) Laos
- CIS Timor Indonesia
- Aksyon Klima Pilipinas
- Yayasan Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Sosial (YKPS) Indonesia
- Gema Alam NTB Indonesia
- Click/ Lao Farmer Network
- HWDI Indonesia
- WIME Indonesia
- Bantay Kita/Publish What You Pay Philippines
- Klima Action Malaysia
- Father Saturnio Urios University Philippines
- Publish What You Pay Timor Leste
Publish What You Pay Indonesia
Oxfam in Indonesia