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Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Fund Utilization Patterns and Opportunities for Improvement: The cases of Local Government Units Virac and Dolores, Philippines
This study looks into the disaster risk reduction and management policy framework and practice in the Philippines, particularly the budget performance of the Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Fund (LDRRMF) provided for by Republic Act 10121 or the PDRRM Act of 2010. While the Philippine Government cites budget constraints in strengthening community resiliency, supporting early recovery efforts and towards the long haul, the Commission on Audit (COA) detects a year-on-year underutilization of Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (DRRM) funds both at the National and Local Governments citing the ‘reactive type of disaster spending’, or cutting back expenditures for fear of DBM/COA disallowance (Commission on Audit, 2013, p. 32). The study aims to validate this nine-year old conclusion of COA if it still lingers to this day.
This research is an initiative of the Strengthening Harmonized Action for Disaster Risk Reduction, Preparedness and Early Recovery (SHARPER) Project that aims to enhance disaster preparedness, response, and recovery capacities of thirty-two (32) highly vulnerable barangays in two provinces in the Philippines towards enabling them to co-lead future post-disaster humanitarian and recovery actions with the local authorities and other actors. The project, which is part of the Asia Community Disaster Preparedness & Transformation (ACT) Program, is being implemented by Oxfam Pilipinas, together with partners Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Response Network (PDRRN) and Sentro para sa Ikauunlad ng Katutubong Agham at Teknolohiya (SIKAT) in six municipalities in Eastern Samar and Catanduanes.